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Breed: Milking Shorthorn:

  • Milking Shorthorns are usually red on their backs, sides, and faces, with white stomachs, but they can be all red, all white, or roan.
  • The Milking Shorthorn resembles the (beef) Shorthorn, but has a wedgier, more dairy-cow confirmation.
  • Milking Shorthorns have the same bloodlines as beef Shorthorns. They originated in northeast England from the dual-purpose Shorthorn.
  • This breed of cattle began to be cross bred with a beefy Scottish Shorthorn. Those farmers raising the non-cross bred Shorthorns began to emphasize the dairy qualities.
  • In 1885, an Englishman named Thomas Bates further refined the dairy traits.
  • But, both types of Shorthorns shared the same herdbook until 1944, at which time the American Milking Shorthorn got its own, separate, herdbook.
  • Milking Shorthorns are very hardy, adapting well to cold and hot climates.
  • They are considered good grazers.
  • The average weight of a Milking Shorthorn cow is 1,400 pounds.
  • Bulls weigh, on average, 2,100 pounds.

Milking Shorthorn

Source: A Field Guide to Cows , by John Pukite, Falcon Press, Helena, Montana, 1996, pp. 54-55.
Picture from Farming Pages (NZ)